China's coexistence strategy

Jamestown Foundation summarizes China's coexistence strategy:

At a more practical level of implementation, Chinese-style coexistence involves five practices that pervade its foreign relations.

  1. The first practice is to only engage with other states on the basis of consent from all governments involved. This practice contrasts with the West’s advocacy of UN approval of intervening without regime consent in the event of grave violations of human rights that threaten to derail international peace and stability.
  2. A second practice is to discourage the use of force for purposes of conflict management in the international system. This deviates from Western efforts to allow for UN approval of sanctions and peacemaking involving the use of force when a threat to international peace and stability is identified.
  3. A third practice is to encourage countries to pursue the national development model which they find most suitable in view of their history and political set-up. By contrast, the West promotes a liberal economic and political agenda as a model for state-society relations in other states.
  4. A fourth practice is to renounce judgment of regimes, encouraging cooperation with all states as the best way to enhanced prosperity for all. The West instead demands the pursuit of basic democratic and human rights standards if a state wants to benefit from economic liberal mechanisms of trade and aid.
  5. A fifth practice is to encourage international pluralism by accepting that states act on the basis of different interpretations of right and wrong conduct. This contrasts with Western belief in the universality of liberal economic and political values.